capital Gandhinagar
Area 196,024 sq. km. Divided into 19 districts. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the north of Gujarat. The State has an extreme climate. Sabarmati, Mahi Narmada, Tapti, Narmada are the Majorrivers Peninsular Surashtra is a hilly tract.
Towns Surat, Ahmedabad, Rajkot Jamnagar, Kandla, Vadodara.
Population 4, 13, 09,582
Density 210 per sq. km
Literacy 61.30% (Men 72.5%, Women 48.5%)
Languages Gujarati
Growth rate 20.8%
Legislative Council 182
Agriculture 19.6 m ha. Principal crops are rice, cotton, pulses, groundnut and tabacoo
Minerals Limestone, Bauxsite, Agate, Quartz, Silicay dolomite and Lignite. Coal is found under the Kalol and Mehsana oil and gas fields.
Industry Textiles general and Electrical Engineering, Oil refining, Petrochemicals, Machine tools, Dyes, Soda ash, Cement, Salt, Sulphuric acid, Paper and fertilizers.
Roads 67,065 Km.
Airport Ahmedabad, Baroda, Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Jamnagar, Kandla, Keshod, Porbandar, Rajkot.
Tourism The shaking Minarets of Ahmedabad has towers, one of which when shaken, Shakes the others. National Parks include Gir forest, the last refuge of the Asiatic lion and Nal Sarover, the bird sanctuary. Swarak and Somnath are known for the temples.
Festivals Navaratri (September/October), Dussera (September/October) Dewali (November).

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